"Considering the first half, we could taste the victory and the chance to put Napoli further behind," Conte told Sky Sport Italia.
"It didn't happen, but we put in a strong performance in terms of character despite a very fiery atmosphere. I compliment the players on keeping their heads in this stadium.
"We did well not to lose our calm and stay in the game at all times. There are 11 rounds to go and it's all open, so we have to keep pedalling at full pace to stay out in front."
Juventus return to Champions League action on Wednesday when they host Celtic in the second leg of their last-16 tie, having won the first encounter 3-0 in Scotland.