The Italian coach was arguably the frontrunner for the gong after he guided the Blues to the much-coveted trophy in just his first season in charge.
After being named as Jose Mourinho's permanent successor last summer, Conte transformed Chelsea from 10th to first, overseeing 30 wins, three draws and just five defeats.
West Bromwich Albion's Tony Pulis was also nominated after reaching 10th, while Eddie Howe was included in the pack for guiding Bournemouth to ninth in only the club's second ever season in the top division.
Mauricio Pochettino was also nominated after his Tottenham Hotspur side secured second place - their highest ever finish in the Premier League.
The main prize, though, belonged to Conte, who has the opportunity to add another trophy to his list of achievements when his team face Arsenal in the FA Cup final this weekend.
Meanwhile, Portsmouth coach Paul Cook was awarded League Two Manager of the Year, while Sheffield United's Chris Wilder won the League One gong, and Chris Hughton was named the Championship's top boss after securing Premier League promotion for Brighton & Hove Albion.