Shortly after Gary Bowyer's men were level, with referee Paul Tierney pointing to the spot following a hand ball as Rhodes fired past Matt Gilks to restore parity and claim his 10th of the season.
The Tangerine came agonisingly close to re-establishing their one-goal lead, as defender Jack Robinson saw his bid to restore the advantage rebuffed by Jason Lowe who cleared the youngster's effort off the line.
Gosling soon succeeded where Robinson failed, though, as the former Everton starlet rifled past Kean to give his team a narrow half-time lead.
Paul Ince's men struggled to build on their advantage throughout the second half, but DJ Campbell - who spent two years at Bloomfield Road - saw his bid to equalise rebuffed by Gary MacKenzie, who arrived with a last-ditch tackle to deny the former Tangerine.
It would go from bad to worse for Campbell, who was involved in an altercation with Robinson as both were dismissed for their part.
There was one final twist, though, as Davies inadvertently headed Tom Cairney's free kick past Gilks at the death.