The 28-year-old has been unable to play for Barca in the opening half of the 2015-16 season due to a transfer ban which was lifted this month.
Coincidentally, Turan's last club appearance was against Barca in May last year and his only competitive appearances since then have been internationally for Turkey.
Barca face Catalan rivals Espanyol for the second game in a row tonight after dropping two points in a 0-0 La Liga draw on Saturday.
Barcelona: Ter Stegen; Alves, Pique, Mascherano, Alba; Busquets, Iniesta, Turan; Messi, Neymar, Suarez
Subs: Masip, Rakitic, Bartra, Munir, Aleix Vidal, Vermaelen, Mathieu
Espanyol: Pau; J. Lopez, Roco, Raillo, Alvarez; Diop, Abraham; Perez, Asensio, Moreno; Caicedo
Subs: Bardi, Duarte, Sevilla, Burgui, Ciani, Jordan, Sylla
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