Suarez appeared to sink his teeth into the defender on Tuesday during Uruguay's 1-0 win in Natal.
After revealing that it would be investigating the incident shortly after the match, football's world governing body has now charged the 27-year-old.
"FIFA can confirm that disciplinary proceedings have been opened against the player Luis Suarez of Uruguay following an apparent breach of art. 48 and/or art. 57 of the FIFA Disciplinary Code during the 2014 FIFA World Cup Brazil match Italy-Uruguay played on June 24, 2014," read an official statement.
The Uruguayan Football Association has until 9pm on Wednesday to respond to the charge.