Forest Green chairman Dale Vince has confirmed Christian Doidge is back at the club amid allegations Bolton counterpart Ken Anderson reneged on "a lot of promises" concerning a permanent deal.
The 26-year-old striker was signed by Wanderers at the end of August, with a loan switch expected to be made permanent in January.
However, Vince claims Rovers have paid the 26-year-old striker's wages for the last four months and that contracts have been breached.
In a statement on his Facebook page, Vince said: "From Monday morning, Christian Doidge is back with FGR.
"We've taken the decision to recall him after his loan agreement expired last week amid continual contractual breaches by Bolton Wanderers.
"It became clear to us that Bolton entered into a contract to loan and then buy Christian last August without the means to honour it, and perhaps the intention to do so as well.
"They haven't even paid his wages for the last four months (we have).
"Bolton's chairman, Ken Anderson, made a lot of promises on the last day of the transfer window, both to Christian and FGR, and has kept none of them.
"This is all his work and from talking to Ken he feels immune from the consequences – but some of these promises are written in legally-binding contracts, and we'll be pursuing them."
Bolton released a response on Monday morning which read: "We are disappointed to read the statement as the club has been in dialogue with Mr Vince and Forest Green Rovers over this situation.
"We are hopeful that a satisfactory resolution will follow."
Vince went on to question whether the English Football League could be more involved in "approving the terms of any contracts entered into" regarding transfers.
He added: "When the dust settles, we'll talk to the EFL about how they regulate clubs like Bolton.
"They already regulate the club to a degree, controlling all TV monies to make sure that football debts get paid.
"(It's) Hard not to wonder whether the league could also have a role in approving the terms of any contracts entered into – to make sure that they are actually within the means of the club.
"We had no way to know, but the EFL should have the inside view on that."
In the summer, Bolton players went on strike after they were not paid.
They avoided administration in September after former owner Eddie Davies gave the club a loan just days before he died.
On December 10, Anderson insisted there would be no mass exodus of players during the January transfer window to try to balance the club's books.
The Championship strugglers are currently under an EFL registration embargo as they reportedly owe money to football creditors.
Wanderers confirmed on Saturday that the permanent deal which had been in place to sign fellow loanee Remi Matthews had been cancelled, with the goalkeeper back at Norwich.