This year, the 26-year-old became the first British player to reach the women's singles semi-finals since Virginia Wade in 1978.
Konta, who also went a stage further than world number one Andy Murray, was aiming to become the first British woman to reach the singles final since Wade won outright in 1977.
Konta told BBC Sport after Thursday's match on Centre Court: "I'm not satisfied with where I am now.
"I want to keep pushing myself to be the best I can be. I definitely have a lot more to improve on. It is exciting for me and exciting for my team.
"I feel there is no reason why I would not be in a position to win a title like this one day. Reaching the top five is a nice achievement but I'm looking to keep getting better."
Konta will move into the world's top five when the rankings are updated after Saturday's final between United States veteran Williams and Spain's Garbine Muguruza.