The Manchester City attacker squandered a couple of big chances against Sweden last time out, meaning that his wait for an international goal will span 1,007 days by the time the Three Lions face Croatia in the semi-finals.
Some have backed Marcus Rashford for a starting spot in that last-four tie on Wednesday evening in place of Sterling, but Rodgers insists that the 23-year-old - who he managed during their time at Liverpool - is worthy of his place in the side.
Speaking about Sterling and Liverpool skipper Jordan Henderson, Rodgers told The Telegraph: "There is a reason every manager they work with picks them. I had a close relationship with Raheem at Liverpool and he is not judged on his performance, for some reason.
"This boy is fantastic. He is a top-class player and knows the areas where he needs to improve - you can see how much he has over the last few years.
"His pace, personality and quality is massive for England. I know football is about opinion, but what these boys are bringing to England is great talent and energy.
"It has not been a World Cup of iconic individuals, it has been a World Cup where team spirit has dominated. Jordan Henderson typifies that. He is really selfless as a player and a guy, always wanting to help those around him. He builds respect around himself."