Hodgson has previously bemoaned a perceived lack of talent coming through in England's top division, but Scudamore has dismissed the notion as "nonsense" and instead claimed that the national team's problems lie elsewhere.
"[That theory is] nonsense, absolute nonsense," Scudamore is quoted as saying in The Telegraph.
"There were 210 players qualified to play for England playing in the Premier League last year, and – by the way – they're all playing in the Premier League.
"We ought to be able to find 11 to take the field to do well. Those players are playing week in, week out against the world's best talent. There are other factors at play, which are not our responsibility."
The Three Lions are currently ninth in the FIFA world rankings.