At 97-2 it looked as if India may have finally found their fighting spirit, but the partnership of Ian Bell and Kevin Pietersen scuppered any such thoughts.
Their 350 run exhibition was England's highest-ever partnership against India and their ninth-highest overall.
Where Bell displayed excellent control and technique, Pietersen was his usual explosive self, at one point engaging in some heated words with Sreesanth out in the middle.
Pietersen was eventually caught and bowled by Suresh Raina on 175.
Bell continued to pile up the runs and finished on 181 not out at the close of play, with nightwatchman Jimmy Anderson also at the crease.