The Nottinghamshire all-rounder helped hosts England recover from 124-8 to 221 all out with a knock of 64, while India closed on 24-1 after James Anderson removed Abhinav Mukund with the first ball of the innings.
"India won three-quarters of the day, for sure, but we're right back in it and still bang in the Test," said the 25-year-old.
"We will want to make further inroads on day two but we can't chase wickets.
"The key at Trent Bridge is being patient. You bowl a fuller length, stick it in the right areas, and if you do that something can always happen."