Les Bleus, who play Nigeria in the second round, finished at the top of Group E after earning two wins and a draw from their three matches.
"It's a huge satisfaction for me and my staff," Deschamps told FIFA.com. "I'm proud of what the players have achieved.
"We need to appreciate this moment: when you look at the other matches, you realise that this is a very difficult World Cup. Some big nations have already been eliminated, but we're still here."
France face Nigeria in Brasilia on Monday for a place in the quarter-finals.