The Argentina international is said to have discussed a number of issues surrounding his home city of Buenos Aires, where the Pope is also from.
Following the visit, Tevez wrote on Twitter: "Thank you Holy Father for welcoming my family. I'm proud that you're Argentine, and above all that you're so humble."
The former Manchester City striker also posted a photo of himself and his family with Pope Francis on the social networking website.
Gracias santo padre por recibir a mi familia!!! Es un orgullo q seas argentino y en especial tan humilde. pic.twitter.com/wlhmWgrsOy— Carlitos Tevez (@carlitos3210) November 12, 2013