The 2008 world champion will start from ninth after picking up a five-place grid penalty for changing his gearbox.
The Briton told Sky Sports News: "We made some changes to the car but I am still struggling with it.
"We had some troubles on Friday with the car which we fixed and going in to qualifying it wasn't looking too bad but once in qualifying I knew immediately, from the very first lap, that it wasn't going to be good. It just wasn't positive for me.
"A big congratulations to [teammate] Nico [Rosberg], he did a fantastic job. It's great to see him doing so well and he is such a strong competitor, pushing the team, asking tons of questions, and driving really, really well. I was unable to match him today but, who knows, maybe we can catch him tomorrow."
Rosberg will start tomorrow's race from pole position after recording the fastest time in qualifying.