Magnussen said that he is looking forward to the switch.
"They are simple in their structure and management," he told Ekstra Bladet newspaper. "They are very open, honest and straightforward, which I like."
Some have questioned whether Magnussen was wise to agree the two-year deal, after Renault reportedly offered him a contract extension for 2017.
The driver said: "I do not think it is a step backwards. In Formula 1, it is important to be in a factory team. But if it doesn't perform, you can't perform.
"I think the guys at Williams and Force India for example should be quite happy, because they get good results and have good careers. They still have opportunities to reach world championship teams."
"It is important to do well against a teammate who is respected," said Magnussen. "And in a team that appreciates you and that you can work well with."
The 2017 calendar provisionally gets underway on March 26 with the Australian Grand Prix.