Die Mannschaft were crowned world champions for the first time in 24 years on Sunday night thanks to an extra-time win over Argentina.
Schweinsteiger is now eager to lift the trophy once again when the tournament takes place in Russia in four years.
"This will give us hunger now, absolutely," he is quoted as saying by Sky Sports News. "We want to do it again at the next tournament.
"We are the first European team to win the title in South America, the first team from Europe, so it has been special."
Italy and Brazil are the only teams to have won successive World Cups.