The Columbian managed to score just three times in 28 games last season, which was his first in West London.
The 27-year-old admits that he wants a higher total next term and would like to fire Fulham into Europe.
"I feel personally good. I enjoy playing with the guys," Rodallega told the club's official website.
"It was my first year here and everything was new for me. Next season I want to play as much football as possible and I have in my mind, a target of 10-12 goals.
"For the team, the first thing we have to do is stay in the top ten. It is so important because in this league, teams in the top half are some of the best in the world, so we need to target the Europa League."
Fulham finished 12th in the Premier League last season.