The visitors were the first to threaten the opposition goal, doing so in the 11th minute when Andrea Pirlo curled a free kick narrowly over the bar from 25 yards.
They had a clearer chance to break the deadlock 10 minutes later when Pablo Osvaldo collected the ball before firing an effort towards goal, but he couldn't steer his shot on target.
Catania came close to taking the lead in the 26th minute as Alexis Rolin met a free kick, but his header flew just wide of the right post.
Juventus threatened again with five minutes to go until the break as Carlos Tevez brought a pass down inside the box before seeing his shot well-blocked by a defender.
Neither side could find a breakthrough before the whistle, however, leaving Catania on track for an impressive point.