With Belgium already through thanks to maximum points from their first two games, the Algerians and the Russians will battle it out to join them in the second round.
A draw or a win for Vahid Halilhodzic's side on Thursday is likely to see them get beyond the group stage for the first time in their history.
Meanwhile, with just one point to show so far, Fabio Capello's Russia have to claim three points if they want to leapfrog their opponents and make it through.
Similar to Algeria, the Russians have never reached the second round of a World Cup.
Possible starting lineups
Algeria: Mbolhi; Bougherra, Mesbah, Halliche, Mandi Bentaleb; Feghouli, Medjani, Brahimi; Slimani, Djabou
Russia: Akinfeev; Kombarov, Berezutskiy, Ignashevich; Glushakov, Kokorin, Shatov, Samedov, Fayzulin; Kozlov, Kanunnikov
Sports Mole says: 2-2